Childcare and the Impact on Childhood Development

Childcare and the Impact on Childhood Development. 1

Childcare and the Impact on Childhood Development.
Jim Bean
SOC 345
Lori Viasqez
August 27, 2012

Childcare and the Impact on Childhood Development. 2
While the cost of living has caused the need for both parents to work, the need for childcare has risen. With a growing number of women preferences??™ to remain in the workforce after starting a household, this has led to a dramatic change in the mother child union. The most important influences in childhood development are maternal love and care. There is significant attachment to the person who takes care of the child.
While the cost of living has caused the need for both parents to work, the need for childcare has risen. ???The United States (US) Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that there are nearly 35.5 million women with children under the age of 18 in America. More than two-thirds (24.1 million) of them work either full- or part-time.??? (Tong, Shinohara, Sugisawa, Tanaka, Maruyama, Sawada, & Anme, 2009) This has caused a shift in the traditional way that child rearing has occurred. In the past the father went to work, and the mother took care of the home. The mother and child union was stronger, now the child develops an attachment to the person who takes care of them.
Life Span Theory
Bronfenbrenner??™s life span theory explains that there are five layers to the development of children to adults. These layers are, microsystem, this is family, play area, and school. Mesosystem is the interaction of other microsystems, like an abusive mother may lead to trouble with other authority figures. Exosystems is a wider area this can be social services, friends of family, and law enforcement. Macrosystem this is the cultural norms, and traditions of a particular group. The Chronosystem this is transition in a person??™s life, like getting married would cause a life style change. The Macrosystem and the Chronosystem will not be discussed in this article. In order to study a child??™s development a good look at the first three layers.
Childcare and the Impact on Childhood Development. 3
The parent??“child daily contact hypothetically connects the social, family and child growth together. Child-rearing in daily life is the most central part in the development of the child. When a child is left with a non-parent childcare facility they feel rejection and abandonment, he/she do not understand why they are being left with a stranger. Then the child has attachment to the person who takes care of them.
???As employed mothers have comparatively less time to interact with their children, they face somewhat unique pressures and choices in their parenting activities that are different from those faced by their homemaker-mother counterparts. Encouragingly, the work of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in the USA in 2001 and 2002 (NICHD 2001, 2002) found that the quality, not quantity, of maternal caregiving was the strongest factor in preventing childhood behavioral problems, encouraging pro-social behavior and improving children??™s language skills.??? (Tong, Shinohara, Sugisawa, Tanaka, Maruyama, Sawada, & Anme, 2009)
In the article ???Which Children Benefit from Non-Parental Care??? Yamauchi, & Leigh, (2011) has investigated the association between non-parental care and toddlers??™ social outcomes using statistics from Australia. Issues like care/child ratio, quality of the staff, and professional ratings.
???The results suggest that full-time non-parental care, particularly center care, is negatively associated with toddlers??™ behavioral outcomes. The negative association is however mitigated when centers have a larger number of caretakers per child. The negative association between non-parental care and behavioral outcomes also appears to be larger for children with better-educated parents.??? (Yamauchi, & Leigh, 2011)
Childcare and the Impact on Childhood Development. 4
Final Thoughts
With a growing number of women preferences??™ to remain in the workforce after starting a household, there has been a dramatic change in the mother child union. The most important influences in childhood development are maternal love and care. Women who choose this option feel that they can do it and there will be no adverse effects on the child. The recent research has proven otherwise. ???The results suggest that full-time non-parental care, particularly center care, is negatively associated with toddlers??™ behavioral outcomes.??? (Yamauchi, & Leigh, 2011) the research also showed that good quality care and parental involvement could mitigate some negative effects.

Reference
Tong, L., Shinohara, R., Sugisawa, Y., Tanaka, E., Maruyama, A., Sawada, Y., & … Anme, T. (2009). Relationship of working mothers??™ parenting style and consistency to early childhood development: a longitudinal investigation. Journal Of Advanced Nursing, 65(10), 2067-2076.
Yamauchi, C., & Leigh, A. (2011). Which children benefit from non-parental care Economics Of Education Review, 30(6), 1468-1490

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